"Fascism should more appropriately be called Corporatism because it is a merger of state and corporate power."
Benito Mussolini (1883 - 1945) was a founding figure in the rise of 20th Century fascism. He was the son of an anarchist blacksmith, worked as a journalist and early in his career was one of Italy's most notable socialists. Mussolini moved toward "The Third Way," which was fascism, after concluding in World War I's wake that socialism was a failure. Mussolini rose to power in 1922, and was much admired by Adolf Hitler. Unlike German fascism, however, the Italian version was not at its roots anti-Semitic, although Mussolini later followed Hitler's and the Nazi's lead against Jews. You can read more about him here, here, and here.
From Wikipedia: Mussolini and the fascists managed to be simultaneously revolutionary and traditionalist; because this was vastly different to anything else in the political climate of the time, it is sometimes described as "The Third Way".The Fascisti, led by one of Mussolini's close confidants, Dino Grandi, formed armed squads of war veterans called Blackshirts (or squadristi) with the goal of restoring order to the streets of Italy with a strong hand. The blackshirts clashed with communists, socialists and anarchists at parades and demonstrations; all of these factions were also involved in clashes against each other. The government rarely interfered with the blackshirts' actions, owing in part to a looming threat and widespread fear of a communist revolution. The Fascisti grew so rapidly that within two years, it transformed itself into the National Fascist Party at a congress in Rome. ... Between 1925 and 1927, Mussolini progressively dismantled virtually all constitutional and conventional restraints on his power, thereby building a police state. A law passed on Christmas Eve 1925 changed Mussolini's formal title from "president of the Council of Ministers" to "head of the government." He was no longer responsible to Parliament and could only be removed by the king. While the Italian constitution stated that ministers were only responsible to the sovereign, in practice it had become all but impossible to govern against the express will of Parliament. The Christmas Eve law ended this practice, and also made Mussolini the only person competent to determine the body's agenda. Local autonomy was abolished, and podestas appointed by the Italian Senate replaced elected mayors and councils.